Welcome to my Introduction to Music and Music Theory web page.
A World of Sound.
A world of Sound! Isn't that fantastic to imagine that a vibrating object such as a crystal glass, a string, or a piece of resonance wood, can produce a series of waves and thus sound, called Harmonic. For instance, a string, from its fundamental "Tonic" has about 15-16 more Harmonics decreasing in intensity and in sections as well. If these smaller lengths are integer fractions (1/2, 1/3,1/4, ...) of the total length of the string, their frequencies of oscillation are called harmonics, and are integer multiples of the fundamental.
Why am I talking of theses Harmonic series? When examining in detail the graph above, you'll see that our vibrating string, gives all the notes involved in a chord. Effectively, one has some Tonics C, some Dominants G, then Thirds, and so on. Even a seventh harmonic B flat. However, this B flat is here a little bit too flat. We know now, that the total sound of a string is the sum of all the harmonics present. If the 7th overtone is present, and it’s played with other notes from the scale (especially the min7th) it’ll sound really dissonant and out-of-tune. That’s why the hammers in a piano are generally located near a node of the 7th overtone.
Ancient Greek music theory.
According to Pythagoras (570 – 495 BC) doctrine, the world must be harmoniously ordained, the celestial bodies which are distant from one another according to the proportions of consonant sound, create, by the movement and speed of their revolutions, the corresponding harmonic sounds. The Greek scale on a linear Zodiac.
On the other hand, one could begin with the meanings of the single tones and bend the double-octave into a circle, joining nete hyperbolaion (Media, A,E,D note) and proslambanomenos, (Aquisitus, D note) and uniting the two tones. This juncture will then lie diametrically opposite the mese and be in octave relationship to it.
Alexander the great verses:
The Earth at the center gives the low sound of the hypate; the starry sphere gives the conjunct nete: the Sun placed in the middle of the errant stars gives the mese; the crystal sphere gives the fourth in relation to it; Saturn is lowest by a half-tone; Jupiter diverges as much from Saturn as from the terrible Mars; the Sun, joy of mortals, is one tone below; Venus differs from the dazzling sun by a trihemitone; Hermes continues with a half-tone lower than Venus; then comes the Moon which gives to nature such varying hue; and finally, the Earth at the center gives the fifth with respect to the Sun; and this position has five regions, from wintry to torrid, accommodating itself to the most intense heat, as to the most glacial cold. The Heavens, which contain six tones, complete the octave. The son of Jupiter, Hermes, represents a Siren to us, having a seven stringed lyre, the image of this divine world.