You will find for each mode, the corresponding scale in both picture form and also the PDF file you can download (free). I hope you will find some interest to practice these scales as much as I had to write them. The fingering I suggest is the one I would recommend since it has been taught for years in music schools such as music conservatories. The fingering technic is the one that uses the shortest way to practice scale up and down. In case you have a question about it, feel free to ask.
As you can see, we start off directly with the Dorian mode. But what about the Ionian mode which is the first one. In fact, the Ionian mode is exactly the same as the C major scale and C major chords. So please, refer to the Chord webpage and see more about this C major. (click here to see Ionian scale and pdf file)
Dorian Mode (II)
Some Dorian themes are based on a single chord and modulate on another l-7 placed above the first one. To avoid the monotony, due to the presence of a single chord, one often uses fourth voicing. "So what", by Miles Davis and "Impressions" by John Coltrane are composed in this way. Please note that none of the modes below have a Major (V7) and thus no dominant seventh chords.
The Phrygian mode is the old D mode in the Ancient Greek modes and has become the D mode in the middle age. Characteristic note= b2
Characteristic note c=#4
The Aeolian mode is also called the natural minor mode (-Nat). It has no leading tone. So the (V) degree, can not be used to resolve on its Tonic. Its Tritone being placed between the degree (ll) and degree (VI).